Total Knee Replacement
A total knee replacement( also called knee arthroplasty) procedure removes the damaged portion of the femur (or thigh bone), the tibia (or shin bone), and the patella (or knee cap), replacing them with metal and/or plastic components that will replicate the knee’s natural movement and functions. Joint replacement surgery is a safe and effective procedure to relieve pain, correct leg deformity, and help you resume normal activities.
When Surgery Is Recommended
There are several reasons why your doctor may recommend knee replacement surgery. People who benefit from total knee replacement often have:
• Severe knee pain or stiffness that limits your everyday activities, including walking, climbing stairs, and getting in and out of chairs. You may find it hard to walk more than a few blocks without significant pain and you may need to use a cane or walker
• Moderate or severe knee pain while resting, either day or night
• Chronic knee inflammation and swelling that does not improve with rest or medications.
• Failure to substantially improve with other treatments such as anti-inflammatory medications, lubricating injections, physical therapy, or other surgeries.
• Knee deformity — a bowing in or out of your knee.